ADHD/ADD Symptoms are brought about by the mind’s inability to focus. The underlying cause of this inability is the under-activation of sensory processing.
Four or more of these items may indicate AD/HD.
- Difficulty working independently
- Gives up easily
- Does not follow instructions
- Poor classroom or workplace achievement
- Always on the “go”
- Fidgety hands or feet
- Acts or talks impulsively
- Restless and squirmy
- Difficulty following rules
- Few friends
- Does not listen
- Can’t play quietly
- Talks excessively
- Often interrupts
- Loses important things
- Blurts out answers
- Frequent fighting and arguing
- Shy or withdrawn
- Easily distracted
- Poor organization
- Attention drifts in conversations
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) can manifest itself very differently in different people. While the underlying neurological causes of this disorder are the same regardless of how it manifests itself, there are the three distinct sub-types, each with distinct sets of symptoms. To further complicate matters, some symptoms are expressed differently in males than they are in females.
The three sub-types of ADD are:
1. Primarily Inattentive
2. Primarily Hyperactive
Typical symptoms for the Primarily Inattentive sub-type are:
1. Often fails to finish things he or she starts
2. Often doesn’t seem to listen
3. Easily Distracted
4. Has difficulty concentrating on school work or other tasks requiring sustained attention
5. Often has difficulty organizing goal-directed activities
Symptoms characteristic of the Primarily Hyperactive sub-type fall into two categories- Impulsivity and Hyperactivity:
1. Often acts before thinking, and/or makes inappropriate statements
2. Shifts excessively from one activity to another
3. Often blurts out answers to questions before the questions have been completed.
4. Needs a lot of supervision
5. Frequently calls out in class
6. Has difficulty awaiting turn in games or group situations
1. Excessive runs about or climbs on things
2. Has difficulty sitting still or fidgets excessively
3. Has difficulty staying seated
4. Moves about excessively during sleep
5. Is always “on the go” or acts as if “driven by a motor”
6. Often talks excessively
7. Often has difficulty playing quietly
8. Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected.
The Combined sub-type includes symptoms from both Inattentive and Hyperactive Sub-types. It is important to note that not all the symptoms of a sub-type need be present for that classification.
Additionally, while there are exceptions, females tend to express hyperactivity verbally, as opposed to physically, the case with males. Females will also tend to be more social, whereas males may be more isolated.